pygame.draw

pygame.draw
pygame module for drawing shapes
pygame.draw.rect draw a rectangle shape
pygame.draw.polygon draw a shape with any number of sides
pygame.draw.circle draw a circle around a point
pygame.draw.ellipse draw a round shape inside a rectangle
pygame.draw.arc draw a partial section of an ellipse
pygame.draw.line draw a straight line segment
pygame.draw.lines draw multiple contiguous line segments
pygame.draw.aaline draw fine antialiased lines
pygame.draw.aalines draw a connected sequence of antialiased lines

Draw several simple shapes to a Surface. These functions will work for rendering to any format of Surface. Rendering to hardware Surfaces will be slower than regular software Surfaces.

Most of the functions take a width argument to represent the size of stroke around the edge of the shape. If a width of 0 is passed the function will actually solid fill the entire shape.

All the drawing functions respect the clip area for the Surface, and will be constrained to that area. The functions return a rectangle representing the bounding area of changed pixels.

Most of the arguments accept a color argument that is an RGB triplet. These can also accept an RGBA quadruplet. The alpha value will be written directly into the Surface if it contains pixel alphas, but the draw function will not draw transparently. The color argument can also be an integer pixel value that is already mapped to the Surface’s pixel format.

These functions must temporarily lock the Surface they are operating on. Many sequential drawing calls can be sped up by locking and unlocking the Surface object around the draw calls.

pygame.draw.rect()
draw a rectangle shape
rect(Surface, color, Rect, width=0) -> Rect

Draws a rectangular shape on the Surface. The given Rect is the area of the rectangle. The width argument is the thickness to draw the outer edge. If width is zero then the rectangle will be filled.

Keep in mind the Surface.fill() method works just as well for drawing filled rectangles. In fact the Surface.fill() can be hardware accelerated on some platforms with both software and hardware display modes.

pygame.draw.polygon()
draw a shape with any number of sides
polygon(Surface, color, pointlist, width=0) -> Rect

Draws a polygonal shape on the Surface. The pointlist argument is the vertices of the polygon. The width argument is the thickness to draw the outer edge. If width is zero then the polygon will be filled.

For aapolygon, use aalines with the ‘closed’ parameter.

pygame.draw.circle()
draw a circle around a point
circle(Surface, color, pos, radius, width=0) -> Rect

Draws a circular shape on the Surface. The pos argument is the center of the circle, and radius is the size. The width argument is the thickness to draw the outer edge. If width is zero then the circle will be filled.

pygame.draw.ellipse()
draw a round shape inside a rectangle
ellipse(Surface, color, Rect, width=0) -> Rect

Draws an elliptical shape on the Surface. The given rectangle is the area that the circle will fill. The width argument is the thickness to draw the outer edge. If width is zero then the ellipse will be filled.

pygame.draw.arc()
draw a partial section of an ellipse
arc(Surface, color, Rect, start_angle, stop_angle, width=1) -> Rect

Draws an elliptical arc on the Surface. The rect argument is the area that the ellipse will fill. The two angle arguments are the initial and final angle in radians, with the zero on the right. The width argument is the thickness to draw the outer edge.

pygame.draw.line()
draw a straight line segment
line(Surface, color, start_pos, end_pos, width=1) -> Rect

Draw a straight line segment on a Surface. There are no endcaps, the ends are squared off for thick lines.

pygame.draw.lines()
draw multiple contiguous line segments
lines(Surface, color, closed, pointlist, width=1) -> Rect

Draw a sequence of lines on a Surface. The pointlist argument is a series of points that are connected by a line. If the closed argument is true an additional line segment is drawn between the first and last points.

This does not draw any endcaps or miter joints. Lines with sharp corners and wide line widths can have improper looking corners.

pygame.draw.aaline()
draw fine antialiased lines
aaline(Surface, color, startpos, endpos, blend=1) -> Rect

Draws an anti-aliased line on a surface. This will respect the clipping rectangle. A bounding box of the affected area is returned as a rectangle. If blend is true, the shades will be be blended with existing pixel shades instead of overwriting them. This function accepts floating point values for the end points.

pygame.draw.aalines()
draw a connected sequence of antialiased lines
aalines(Surface, color, closed, pointlist, blend=1) -> Rect

Draws a sequence on a surface. You must pass at least two points in the sequence of points. The closed argument is a simple Boolean and if true, a line will be draw between the first and last points. The Boolean blend argument set to true will blend the shades with existing shades instead of overwriting them. This function accepts floating point values for the end points.

draw module example

Example code for draw module.

# Import a library of functions called 'pygame'
import pygame
from math import pi
 
# Initialize the game engine
pygame.init()
 
# Define the colors we will use in RGB format
BLACK = (  0,   0,   0)
WHITE = (255, 255, 255)
BLUE =  (  0,   0, 255)
GREEN = (  0, 255,   0)
RED =   (255,   0,   0)
 
# Set the height and width of the screen
size = [400, 300]
screen = pygame.display.set_mode(size)
 
pygame.display.set_caption("Example code for the draw module")
 
#Loop until the user clicks the close button.
done = False
clock = pygame.time.Clock()
 
while not done:
 
    # This limits the while loop to a max of 10 times per second.
    # Leave this out and we will use all CPU we can.
    clock.tick(10)
     
    for event in pygame.event.get(): # User did something
        if event.type == pygame.QUIT: # If user clicked close
            done=True # Flag that we are done so we exit this loop
 
    # All drawing code happens after the for loop and but
    # inside the main while done==False loop.
     
    # Clear the screen and set the screen background
    screen.fill(WHITE)
 
    # Draw on the screen a GREEN line from (0,0) to (50.75) 
    # 5 pixels wide.
    pygame.draw.line(screen, GREEN, [0, 0], [50,30], 5)
 
    # Draw on the screen a GREEN line from (0,0) to (50.75) 
    # 5 pixels wide.
    pygame.draw.lines(screen, BLACK, False, [[0, 80], [50, 90], [200, 80], [220, 30]], 5)
    
    # Draw on the screen a GREEN line from (0,0) to (50.75) 
    # 5 pixels wide.
    pygame.draw.aaline(screen, GREEN, [0, 50],[50, 80], True)

    # Draw a rectangle outline
    pygame.draw.rect(screen, BLACK, [75, 10, 50, 20], 2)
     
    # Draw a solid rectangle
    pygame.draw.rect(screen, BLACK, [150, 10, 50, 20])
     
    # Draw an ellipse outline, using a rectangle as the outside boundaries
    pygame.draw.ellipse(screen, RED, [225, 10, 50, 20], 2) 

    # Draw an solid ellipse, using a rectangle as the outside boundaries
    pygame.draw.ellipse(screen, RED, [300, 10, 50, 20]) 
 
    # This draws a triangle using the polygon command
    pygame.draw.polygon(screen, BLACK, [[100, 100], [0, 200], [200, 200]], 5)
  
    # Draw an arc as part of an ellipse. 
    # Use radians to determine what angle to draw.
    pygame.draw.arc(screen, BLACK,[210, 75, 150, 125], 0, pi/2, 2)
    pygame.draw.arc(screen, GREEN,[210, 75, 150, 125], pi/2, pi, 2)
    pygame.draw.arc(screen, BLUE, [210, 75, 150, 125], pi,3*pi/2, 2)
    pygame.draw.arc(screen, RED,  [210, 75, 150, 125], 3*pi/2, 2*pi, 2)
    
    # Draw a circle
    pygame.draw.circle(screen, BLUE, [60, 250], 40)
    
    # Go ahead and update the screen with what we've drawn.
    # This MUST happen after all the other drawing commands.
    pygame.display.flip()
 
# Be IDLE friendly
pygame.quit()